Agriculture is not only important for India but the world too. Climate change is a serious concern for the world. It may cause less productivity and scarcity of food. Therefore, climate change is likely to contribute substantially to food insecurity by increasing food prices and reducing food production.
Nowadays, we can observe that heat waves are common. Many of us are unaware of the harm caused by heat waves. It can cause serious harm to both plants and animals which results in lower productivity.
Heatwaves will become more harmful in the future and represent a significant challenge for agriculture. Heat Waves can cause harm to both plants and animals. In addition, it can cause drought, which will result in a hard surface. Cultivation on hard land is challenging. Therefore, the farmer needs powerful machines like tractors. There are many powerful tractors available in the market, such as the Mahindra 475.
Climatic conditions are essential for agriculture as it highly depends on climate. Therefore, drastic climate change is a severe concern for the world. In this article we will analyse all the necessary details related to the impact of climatic change on agriculture.
Now let us discuss the impact of climate change on agriculture.
Impact on agriculture
Agriculture is highly vulnerable to climate change. Higher temperatures result in reduced yields of desirable crops while encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Heavy rains that result in flooding can also be detrimental to productivity and soil structure.
Climate changes may also impact farming water availability and water needs if temperature increases and more sporadic rainfall events result
from global warming. Plant breeders are working to develop varieties of crops that are drought tolerant and adaptable to varying levels of temperature and moisture.
We’ve seen an increase in flooding in many agricultural regions of the country. Sea level is ratcheting up frequency and intensity in the coastal areas. These floods devastate crops and livestock, accelerate soil erosion, pollute water, and damage roads, bridges, schools, and other infrastructure.
In addition, droughts have taken a massive toll on crops, livestock in many parts of the country. Both of these conditions are severe problems for agriculture.
As a significant user of land and consumer of fossil fuel, agriculture contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. According to the Intergovernmental Panel, the three leading causes of the increase in the greenhouse are fossil fuels, land use, and agriculture.
Many ways are there to help to soften the effects and the further production of greenhouse gas emissions. Some of these strategies include higher efficiency in livestock farming, which provides for the management and technology.
A more effective process of managing manure is a lower dependence on fossil fuels and non-renewable resources.
Now let us discuss the ways to adapt to climatic changes.
How can farmers adapt to climate change?
There are several ways to adapt to climate change. Farmers can use these methods to adapt to climate change and can generate income. Some of the significant ways to adapt to climate change are as follows;
1. Pursue Sustainable Forestry
The first way to adapt to climate change is sustainable forestry. It has many benefits and can be done quickly too.
Trees planted sustainably offer environmental benefits such as capturing greenhouse gases and protecting the soil and the potential for economic gain by the commercialization of timber and non-timber forest products.
2. Integrate Crop-Livestock-Forestry Systems
Integrated systems can make farms resilient for every component analysed as they can improve the local microclimate by reducing local temperature and increasing precipitation and water availability.
It minimizes extreme weather conditions on crops, livestock and other products by reducing soil erosion; improving productivity, and providing socio-economic benefits by increasing the products.
3. Rehabilitate Degraded Pastures
There are several ways to rehabilitate degraded pastures. The most conventional method involves applying fertilizers — but this is not always sustainable for farmers, as fields usually require new fertilizer applications every four or five years. Instead, degraded pasture can be more sustainably recovered by planting native forage or grass or introducing trees in the field to avoid soil erosion.
4. Plant Agroforestry Systems
In an agroforestry system, all plants are selected for a particular purpose as species are selected so that plants will collaborate. This diversity of crops allows the area to be productive all year long so that small farmers can earn income in all seasons.
As per the above details, we can conclude that climate change is a serious concern. Therefore, farmers have to adapt to climatic changes. As we discussed above, there are several ways to adapt to climate changes. Moreover, as time changes, we need to change as well. Sustainable forestry is the most important way to get rid of the effects of climate change.
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